The quality of soil depends on it’s ability to hold moisture as well as the circulation of air and water. Most people want their gardens to have quality soil so that they can successfully grow vegetables and flowers in them. Unfortunately, not all soil has good quality like the loam soil found in forests and agricultural land. Good quality garden soils contain soil microorganisms that aerate the soils which allow the roots of the garden plants to breathe. Your garden may have sand or clay soil which in time you can improve the condition and texture of. You can perform the following actions to improve the quality of your soil
For heavy clay soils it recommended that adding mulch and / or compost will help to loosen and at the same time lighten the texture. This will allow the roots of the growing plants to penetrate the soil with ease. Soil aeration will also be improved as more water and air will pass through faster without any difficulty. Often with clay soil, plant roots will stay wet which ,may cause them to become acidic. Clay soil can also be improved by digging and breaking the hard soil clods up so that the addition of mulch and compost to the soil can decompose in a larger surface area. Sandy soils in the garden cannot support garden plants because it cannot retain more water. Therefore to improve the quality of these soils, you can mix them with loam soils. This will help to increase the soil aeration and soil water retention capability.
Animal manure from a farm can add value to the soil quality of the garden. Many farmers have excess manure available for disposal which can be picked up for free or for a small fee. It is beneficial to collect this manure and mix it with the garden soil. Manure is known to contain a lot of nutrients that will help sustain the plant life significantly. As compared to the artificial fertilizers, the animal manure does not contain any harmful chemicals that would otherwise kill the small soil microorganisms. Therefore it is safe in improving the soil quality in the long run.
Plant wastes from the same garden can be recycled back by creating compost from them. This is beneficial for those people who do not have enough space in their garden where these wastes can be left to decompose naturally. Wastes like vegetables, fruits, and clippings from the lawn are the main source of compost. Though it may be a challenging exercise, when the compost is mixed with the garden soil, the results are overwhelming where both plants and microorganisms can thrive.
It is also worth noting that banana peels are a very good resource to use to improve the soil texture and quality. Many people like to eat bananas and the large quantities of peels that are being disposed of can be used to your advantage. If you decide to collect some of them, throw them in your compost bin and as the banana peels decompose they will leave behind potassium which is very good for the plants in your garden.
Hopefully these hints will help you improve the quality of soil in your garden. Do not worry if you do not have good soil, as it can always be improved upon. Take it slow, and year by year the quality of your soil will increase and you will reap the rewards of your hard work in great tasting organic vegetables.